Blockade menu: 5 unexpected items that saved people from starvation
Blockade menu: 5 unexpected items that saved people from starvation
Anonim

The blockade became one of the most tragic pages in the history of the Northern capital of Russia. For 872 days, people had to survive in a huge occupied city without any food supplies, showing real miracles of heroism and ingenuity.

Blockade menu: 5 unexpected items that saved people from starvation
Blockade menu: 5 unexpected items that saved people from starvation

Despite the enemy's naive calculation that Leningrad would fall in less than a month, it held out for more than two years thanks to the incredible thirst for life demonstrated by its inhabitants. But how did people unprepared for the occupation manage to survive in incredibly difficult conditions?

We all know today that at the time the Nazis approached, there was not a sufficient amount of prepared supplies in the city that would be able to provide the population with food for at least some time. The Badayev warehouses, which contained the food supply of the multimillion-dollar Leningrad, were destroyed by the Germans in the first days of the blockade. In a terrible fire, a huge amount of food was burned that could have saved the lives of hundreds of people.

Blockade menu: 5 unexpected items that saved people from starvation
Blockade menu: 5 unexpected items that saved people from starvation

Because of the very limited supply of food, cards appeared in the life of Leningraders. 500 grams of bread per day was allocated to the front-line soldiers, 250 - to the workers in the factories and only 125 other residents, as well as children and dependents. With such a modest diet, it is not surprising that the first deaths from starvation were recorded within a few weeks after the siege ring was finally closed.

Blockade menu: 5 unexpected items that saved people from starvation
Blockade menu: 5 unexpected items that saved people from starvation

People at that time were not yet able to fully get used to the new terrible situation in which they had to spend more than two years.

It will then begin hunting for cats and dogs, as well as catching rats and showing incredible ingenuity in finding edible from what was available. So, what did the menu of an average resident of besieged Leningrad consist of?

Blockade menu: 5 unexpected items that saved people from starvation
Blockade menu: 5 unexpected items that saved people from starvation

The flour glue that held the wallpaper in homes became one of the most popular food items in town. It was carefully scraped off the walls and paper, and then mixed with boiling water and eaten instead of soup. Building glue was also actively used to make nutritious jelly.

Blockade menu: 5 unexpected items that saved people from starvation
Blockade menu: 5 unexpected items that saved people from starvation

By the way, jelly was prepared not only from glue, but also with the help of leather products - jackets, belts and even shoes, which were actively used by home cooks. Of course, no one ate the skin itself. It was first carefully burned over a fire to burn off the tar, and then a rather nutritious jelly was cooked from it.

Blockade menu: 5 unexpected items that saved people from starvation
Blockade menu: 5 unexpected items that saved people from starvation

In the summer, it was a little easier for the townspeople to feed themselves, because it became possible to use pasture for food - grass, leaves and even tree bark. These products were carefully ground and mixed with others to make nutritious cakes or even a kind of cookie.

Blockade menu: 5 unexpected items that saved people from starvation
Blockade menu: 5 unexpected items that saved people from starvation

The most edible of what the inhabitants of besieged Leningrad ate was cabbage stumps. Cabbage from the fields near the outskirts of the city was harvested even before the occupation, traditionally leaving its root system in the ground. Who knew then that it was she who would become one of the staple foods for hundreds of people.

Blockade menu: 5 unexpected items that saved people from starvation
Blockade menu: 5 unexpected items that saved people from starvation

The townspeople even had their own impromptu coffee. At least that is how they called the earth collected from the ashes of the Badayevsky warehouses. In places where sugar burned, the earth was saturated with glucose. People strained it, and then boiled it and drank, jokingly calling the muddy liquid coffee.

The siege of Leningrad lasted 872 days from September 8, 1941 to January 27, 1944. According to the documents of the Nuremberg trials, during this time about 632 thousand people from the 3 million pre-war population died from hunger, cold and bombing.

Popular by topic