The Ministry of Health of Russia approved the norms of healthy nutrition
The Ministry of Health of Russia approved the norms of healthy nutrition

The Ministry of Health has published revised Guidelines for Sustainable Food Consumption. Zinaida Medvedeva, executive director of the National Research Center for Healthy Nutrition, an NGO, commented on this order.

The Ministry of Health of Russia approved the norms of healthy nutrition
The Ministry of Health of Russia approved the norms of healthy nutrition

If you look at the presented norms, it seems that this is a document from the distant past. They reflect the real picture of consumption rather than the desired, healthy diet.

Salt norms are significantly overestimated - almost 2 times in comparison with international recommendations. When calculating consumption per day, it turns out almost 11 g of salt per day, with the current WHO recommendations in the amount of 5 g of salt. High salt intake is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, in which Russians have already succeeded: the working-age population has a 30% chance of dying from one of the four noncommunicable diseases in the Russian Federation, while in Western Europe it is only 10%.

It should be noted that Russians do not restrain themselves in the consumption of salt anyway, referring to national characteristics and food culture. Now the population will be guided by the already inflated norms.

The second important point is the norms for the consumption of milk and dairy products. The recommended 325 kg per person per year turns into 890 g of "milk" per day in terms of milk - this is 3 times more than the recommendations of the UK, and 1, 2 times more than in the USA, where a record 750 g is recommended. day per person. At the same time, in the Russian recommendations, dairy products with low fat content make up only 20% of the total volume.

To limit saturated fat intake, the WHO report on Preventing Strokes and Heart Attacks requires first limiting the consumption of butter and baked milk, and high-fat dairy products such as cream and high-fat cheeses.

According to the draft Recommendations, the main source of protein is food of animal origin - meat and dairy products.

The ratio of protein sources does not comply with the WHO recommendations and the Norms of physiological requirements for energy and nutrients for various groups of the population of the Russian Federation (Methodological recommendations MR -08), according to which the recommended share of animal proteins in the daily diet for adults from the total amount of proteins is 50 %. The second half (50%) should be vegetable proteins. Vegetable protein, according to the Methodological Recommendations, should be represented by legumes, mushrooms, and cereals. The current guidelines for legumes are only 3 kg per person per year.

The conclusions from these recommendations are a typical Russian consumption basket: a lot of meat and fatty milk, little vegetables, nuts, seeds and vegetable oils - everything that modern science considers a panacea for a long and healthy life."

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